In-Depth Guide To Understand Nitric Acid In Lab Operations

Nitric Acid

In-Depth Guide To Understand Nitric Acid In Lab Operations

Posted on the 14th of Feb 2024 by Westlab

Various chemical compounds have revolutionised the world of science and research. These compounds can react with solids, liquids or even gases to transform into something useful. One such compound is Nitric Acid, which has a structural formula of HNO3. A mixture of nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen ions can be used in various lab or industrial processes.

It is an inorganic mineral acid with a highly corrosive nature and no colour. It turns yellow when it comes into contact with air or any other substance. It has a pungent smell that can be distinguished from a distance. In its concentrated form, it can create fumes. Traditional labs use it at a concentration of 10% to 70%, according to needs and requirements. It is also known as aqua fortis (Latin for ‘strong water’) and the spirit of niter among researchers. 

What Are The Benefits Of Nitric Acid In Lab Settings?

Nitric acid is a powerful and versatile substance that offers many advantages in lab work. Its unique properties make it essential to many chemical experiments and tests. 

Here is why nitrous acid is helpful in labs.

A Versatile Chemical Tool

HNO3 is crucial for creating a wide variety of important chemicals, such as medicines, dyes, and even explosives. It is a key ingredient needed in both research and industrial work. It reacts well with many different materials, including metals and organics, helping drive many chemical reactions.

Helpful for Analysis

It is great for preparing samples for detailed analysis, especially when examining metal content using advanced techniques. HNO3 can also clean lab equipment well, ensuring previous experiments do not interfere with new ones.

Useful for Making Fertilizers and Explosives

Even though it is more about big-scale industrial stuff, knowing how 68% Nitric Acid helps make fertilisers and explosives is important for those studying agriculture or material sciences. The right amount of this acid can help scientists find a beneficial way to grow healthy crops. 

Aid in Environmental Studies

It prepares samples to check soil, water, and air pollutants. It aids efforts to monitor and protect the environment. Moreover, this acid can help researchers understand the earth's mysteries and preserve it for future generations. 

Relatively affordable

Compared to other strong acids, HNO3 can be more cost-effective, making it a practical choice for many labs. It is readily available in various concentrations, reducing the need for complex or expensive synthesis procedures.

Therefore, HNO3 can be a game-changer in multiple scientific experiments and processes. Notably, scientists prefer to Buy Unleash Nitric Acid in highly secure premises. Researchers also advise taking all the safety measures before using them in chemical experiments or complex scientific studies. 

Essential Safety Measure To Use Acids In The Labs

Using acetic acid or corrosive substances in the lab is very important but requires careful handling and strict adherence to safety rules. 

Here is how to use acids safely and responsibly.

Wear Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Users must wear chemical-resistant gloves to protect their hands from acid burns, safety goggles to shield their eyes from splashes, and an appropriate lab coat or apron to protect skin and clothes from acid spills. They should also wear a face shield when handling hazardous acids.

Use Proper Lab Equipment

Ensure all glassware is clean and free from cracks or chips to prevent breakage. Always perform experiments involving volatile or hazardous acids under a chemical fume hood to avoid inhaling harmful fumes.

Understand the Chemicals

Researchers should know how acids react with other substances to avoid dangerous reactions. They should also know the acid's concentration and chemical properties to determine its danger.

Safe Handling and Pouring

Lab technicians should pour acids slowly to avoid splashes. Always add acid to water (not water to acid) to control the exothermic reaction. To minimise spills, utilise funnels and pipettes when transferring acids.

Storage and Labeling

Store acids in designated, secure, ventilated cabinets away from bases and flammable materials. All acid containers should be labelled with the chemical name, concentration, and hazard information.

Spill and Emergency Procedures

Be familiar with the procedure for neutralising and cleaning up acid spills safely. One must know the location of the emergency eyewash station, safety shower, and first-aid kit. In an emergency, all the safety precautions must be in hand. 

Dispose of Acids Properly

Follow institutional guidelines for the disposal of acid waste. The instructions ensure it is neutralised and disposed of in a way that does not harm the environment or violate regulations.

Nitric acid is one of the most beneficial compounds in the chemical world. It helps doctors, engineers, and various other industries make helpful products. Moreover, it helps grow healthy crops and makes the earth a better place to live. Apart from its multifaceted advantages, it is advisable to take all the safety measures before using it because of its highly corrosive and volatile nature.

Lab technicians and scientists can find buying pure chemicals or Lab Equipment tedious. Westlab Australia can be a saviour, offering high-quality and durable products for laboratories. We also offer the swiftest delivery and same-day dispatch for more convenience. To place your order, visit our website now!


What is meant by 68% nitric acid?

This percentage means the solution comprises 68% HNO3 by weight and 32% water. This indicates the concentration of nitrous acid in the mixture.

Where to buy nitric acid in the purest form?

Westalab Australia is one of the best ways to get the purest HNO3 at affordable prices. 

What is the one basic use of HNO3?

One basic use of HNO3 is in manufacturing fertilisers, particularly ammonium nitrate.

2024-02-14 08:08:00
Copyright © 2024 Westlab Pty. Ltd. All rights reserved. - ABN: 71 606 662 113